In filigree twists, several white or colored glass threads appear twisted like a corkscrew. In a filigree tube a clear glass rod is surrounded by straight glass threads and then twisted, giving the effect of strands spiralling around a hollow core. Short pieces of filigree tubes are used to create upset muslin. When the strands or threads within these rods lean to the left when viewed from the side, the weight is usually a Baccarat piece. Also, in Baccarat. W hen filigree strands lean to the right when viewed from the side, the piece is generally Saint Louis.
In Saint Louis torsades, a twisted ribbon usually spirals around a filigree twist. New England Glass Company. The lew torsades made by this company and the muslin of both NEGC and Clichy lean in the same direction as that of Saint Louis, that is, to the right. Baccarat stars are most common and can be identified by a small additional point in between each ol the six wide arms ol the star. Five-pointed stars were made by New Fngland Glass Company. Stardust: Stardust canes are made up of tiny starshaped rods encased in clear glass. The stardust canes made bv Clichy tend to flare at the base more than those made by the other factories.
Paperweights are often classified according to the arrangement of the millefiori canes w ithin the piece. Various millefiori arrangements, such as scrambled and close packed, may be referred to as random spacing schemes; other designs, such as concentric, chequer, spaced, garland, and panel are called patterned spacing schemes. Scrambled millefiori: The most common of all antique paperweights is the scrambled millefiori. These weights, which are also called end-of-dav weights, contain randomly arranged whole and broken canes and twists.
With the exception of NT. GG scrambled weights, it is rare to find this type of weight containing a date or signature cane; however, finely crafted canes, small silhouettes, filigrees, and even small pieces of fruits sometimes turn up in these fairly inexpensive antique pieces. Baccarat produced relatively few scrambled millefiori paperweights, and they are not truly scrambled. They are easilv identified by. Baccarat macedoines are made up of short pieces of blue, green, and red filigrees. As a result they are usually very light and lacy in appearance. Clichy produced a number of scrambled weights in many sizes.
These pieces, which usually are predominantly green, are the most colorful of the scrambled weights. Saint I. Many Saint Louis scrambled weights are made up of sharp-pointed canes in pistachio and salmon colors. They can be packed with vividly colored canes and fragments or just show a few pastel-colored canes and twists. Occasionally these pieces contain rabbit, heart, eagle, or other silhouette canes.
Pieces of fruit and date canes of and its inverse, sometimes occur. Close packed millefiori: These weights contain a random arrangement of tightly packed canes. Whereas the canes in scrambled weights are jumbled together in a chaotic fashion, the canes in close packed millefiori weights are set carefully in an upright position.
The bases are sealed off Indifferent methods to prevent transparency. There are many known examples ranging from miniature pieces to magnums. Often the canes are set on a cushion of lace only visible from the underside of the weight.
This cushion of lace was the Baccarat method of preventing undesirable transparency. The outer row of canes is frequently longer than the others and is pulled under the weight to give it a finished appearance and, again, to prevent seeing through the weight from above. Clichy close packed millefiori weights are somewhat rare. These pieces often contain a variety of Clichy roses.
The outer row is usually made of canes of alternating colors giving it a striped appearance, and pulled down to the center of the base, closing off the bottom. Saint Louis produced very few close packed millefiori weights. The few examples that are known have very low domes.
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Early Saint Louis weights of the close packed millefiori pattern resemble Italian weights, with the canes coming quite close to the surface of the dome. The outer row is usually a set of identical fluted canes pulled in to the center of the base. Mum no. The canes in these modern pieces are crude and primitively constructed compared to the antique weights after which they are modeled. Open concentric: The open concentric is the simplest form of patterned paperweight. In these weights, clear glass separates circles of millefiori canes that have a common center.
C n clear grounds, this pattern allows viewing through to the base, which makes the canes appear somewhat lost and less interesting. We also see this enhancement on cranberry-filled latticinio or opaque color grounds, as from Clichy. Baccarat open concentric weights are usually made up of from two to four circles of millefiori canes arranged on clear crystal. Characteristic Baccarat canes, such as arrow, star, and stardust canes of alternating colors, are often included in this design. The overall color scheme of these weights is somewhat muted, with the predominant colors being white, red, blue, and green.
Sometimes Baccarat open concentrics that are set on a background of lace are mistaken for Clichy weights. In Baccarat lace, the strands lean to thewhere the canes lose definition. They are much brighter as more usually set on an unusual lat- ticinio backdrop, formed when the glass blowers allowed the latticinio ends to remain in the design. These ends resemble two small tails or flips, with some twisting downward from the latticinio cushion towards the base, and others twisting upward and appearing to support the central cane or floret.
Occasionally this latticinio has a cranberry inner layer, adding opacity to the design. Close concentric: In this common paperweight design it appears that almost no space is left between the tightly packed concentric circles of millefiori canes that are arranged around a central. The open concentric spacing scheme was a popular Clichy design that often featured Clichy rose canes.
Such patterns were usually set on lace grounds, although clear and color grounds were used. New England Cilass Company open con- centrics are frequently made up of two concentric circles of millefiori canes. Typically these circles are composed of identical canes but with contrasting colors. This pattern appears on clear crystal,.
The orderliness and uniformity of the circles distinguishes this pattern from the close packed millefiori design. Clichy is well known for its close eoncen- trics. These weights usually have an outer row of flat glass rods or staves that are pulled down to meet at the base of the weight forming a stave. Such a stave basket appears to hold the rest of the design, but actually it prevents seeing through the thin layer of canes forming the motif. In piedouche weights made by Clichy these outer staves are pulled down through the foot to create a striped pedestal for the piece.
The close concentric spacing scheme was frequently used and considered one of the best of the Saint Louis designs. Typically these weights consist of nine or ten circles of millefiori. The outer ring of canes was often pulled down into a stave basket. In some cases close concentrics include a central silhouette cane or whole rings of silhouettes close around the central cane.
Bacchus produced a considerable number of close concentric weights. In many of these the circles of millefiori canes form a cushion that seems to fill the entire weight almost to bursting. The canes in these pieces are often edged in white, giving Bacchus close concentrics a pale hue.
The outer row of canes is often pulled down toward the base into a stave basket. Close concentrics constitute most of the weights attributed to Whitefriars. They can be distinguished from Bacchus pieces by their smaller cane size and the simple rod structure of these canes.
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New England Glass Company close concentrics are rare. Typically the bottoms of the canes are chopped off rather unevenly. Spaced millefiori: In this design, millefiori florets are positioned at equal distances from one another to form a set of vaguely defined concentric circles. Spaced millefiori weights made by Baccarat are usually set on a bed of lace or upset muslin.
It is common for the design to be centered around a butterfly silhouette and for the muslin to contain bits of colored twists. Frequently date canes are present, with the most common dates being and The years and arc- rare. Carefully arranged silhouettes are virtually standard in this design. One design unique to Baccarat is a spaced millefiori weight featuring large shamrock silhouettes on upset muslin.
Very rarely, Baccarat spaced canes occur on Clichy-like opaque color grounds, which can easily be mistaken for Clichy weights. Clichy produced a great number of spaced millefiori weights, often featuringClichyrose canes and pastry mold canes. The canes are either arranged in open concentric circles or, more commonly, in carefully placed, ever-enlarging hexagons, which can be detected because the canes fall in straight lines. The grounds most frequently used for spaced millefiori are clear, colored, or lace.
In rare instances a signature cane is included. This most common Saint Louis design is found on the following backgrounds: clear, lacy, jasper, swirling latticinio, and in some rare cases colored ground. The most common of all Bohemian patterns, even in single and double overlays, is scattered canes on fine white muslin twists, which also sometimes contains colored twists similar to Baccarat.
Canes spaced randomly on muslin twists are known, but in most of the weights with latticinio grounds, the canes are in some geometric pattern. Chequer: In this design the canes, which are arranged in a spaced millefiori pattern, are separated by short lengths of latticinio twists in a checkerboard fashion. Only a few Baccarat chequer weights areknown. In these pieces, long opaque colored rods divide the spaced millefiori.
Silhouette and date canes are also included. Chequer weights were made primarily by Clichy. In these weights, short lengths of latticinio twists define rectangles around the spaced millefiori canes. They were produced in a variety of sizes, with the barber pole twists occurring in blue, green, and, rarely, red. The twists in a given weight are of one color. Modern Italian glassworkers produced a coarse rendition of the classic chequer weight.
A crude checkerboard pattern surrounds typical Murano millefiori canes. Carpet ground spaced millefiori: Carpet grounds are formed from overall patterns of identical millefiori canes used as a backdrop for a pattern of other canes or lampwork elements. Almost all factories produced a variety of carpet ground weights. Baccarat used a carpet ground as a bed for spaced millefiori designs featuringsilhouette canes and florets, and for a number of garland motifs. Thus, they appear with uneven or chaotic spaces around them.
Most of these weights contain a signature cane and the date cane.
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In one famous example, a cane bearing the full Clichy signature can be viewed through the base of the weight underneath the moss ground. Stardust carpet grounds were also made by Clichy, but only four of these weights are known. Carpet grounds were often used by Saint Louis as a backdrop for their simple five- cane spaced millefiori design. In the production of these pieces, the design canes were incorporated in the original setup.
Sometimes these pieces contain silhouette canes, but rarely are signature and date canes present. A few examples of carpet grounds are known. One striking weight contains a running rabbit cane. Many Baccarat circular garland weights contain a central ring of canes surrounded by six additional circlets, each centered on a silhouette cane or complex floret. Baccarat garland weights are commonly set on a clear ground, although lace, carpet, and translucent color grounds also occur. A sterling silver desk top paperweight bust of Napoleon, Chester, with post Chester import mark oak leaf and acorn , Hanau, pseudo-silver marks, possibly Neresheimer, the shoulder bust mounted on a black marble base with laurel festoon centred, with the letter 'N', hallmarked to base of item verso, height 9.
A Lalique perfume bottle and Lalique and Swedish paperweights, a Lalique 'Dahlia flower' flask perfume bottle in frosted satin glass with black stamens marked R Lalique France to base with numerals ; a moulded clear and amber tortoiseshell paperweight, etched Lalique France to base; and a small seal cub crystal paperweight by Mats Jonasson of Sweden, etched marks and label. Height 9 cm.
A Victorian green glass Dump, circa ovoid with a flat base, internally decorated in powder and air bubbles with a design of flowers in a pot. Height 11 cm. A Lalique owl ornament with a figural frosted glass vase in the style of Lalique, later 20th century, signed to owl and with paper label, vase unmarked, a frosted and clear glass owl ornament or paperweight and a tapering moulded pedestal vase with figures and grape motifs.
Height 9 cm and 22 cm. A pair of bronze elephant paperweights or bookends, each with a trio of trumpeting elephants of graduating sizes upon green onyx bases. Width 12 cm. Depth 8 cm. A superb collection of Forty nine pictorial paperweights, circa and later, a delightful and varied selection of weights, souvenir photographic images of mostly Australian places and destinations in sepia and handcoloured tones including images as diverse as the swimming pool at St Arnaud, the Maitland post office and modern s Canberra.
A Victorian sundial paperweight, circa , the brown speckled turned base below a brass sun dial with Roman numerals. Height 5. Lots per page 60 No Image. A Caithness vase and two similar glasses, a Caithness misty paperweight, and a Langham vase. Stamford Auction Rooms. More details.
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Small decorative and collectible items to include set of three 3 figural pottery birds, small Kaminski Auctioneers. Collection of four 4 antique bisque head dolls to include: Armand Marseille number , brown Kaminski Auctioneers. Wedgwood glass oval paperweight. Hawley's Auctioneers. Butterfly glass paperweight. Good condition.
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Fourteen items of glass ware inc. Bohemia Crystal Vase:, Murano glass clown, Wedgwood paperweight, figures of elephants, glass bowls Potteries Auctions. Bohemia Crystal Vase:, Murano glass clown, Wedgwood paperweight, figures of elephants, glass bowls etc 1 tray More details. Kaminski Auctioneers. Wedgwood glass elephant paperweight jug and bowl More details. An Orrefors tulip-form vase and a collection of glass paperweights, including Caithness, Gorringes.
A Group of seven Wedgwood glass paperweights. Grand Auctions. Boxed Caithness paperweight twinned with six other Clarks Auction Rooms. A boxed Caithness paperweight twinned with six others More details. A collection of glassware to include cranberry glass, paperweights, glass dome. Paul Beighton Auctioneers Ltd. A quantity of collectable glass including a cut crystal wine glass rinser, Art Deco uranium bowl, Paul Beighton Auctioneers Ltd.
A quantity of various decorative glass to include Clarke and Simpson Auctions. A box containing various Art Glass and other paperweights, boxed pens, lighters etc. A St Louis style glass paperweight with patterned multi-coloured canes, 6 cm diameter Special Auction Services.
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